Crime and Sin | Crime vs Sin | What's the difference ?

Crime and Sin | Crime vs Sin | What's the difference ?


Crime and Sin

The difference between Crime and sin is that a sin is an opposed to God’s will, and crime is opposed to the civil laws, that we ourselves have put in place.

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Interpretation of Crime and Sin

Crime 

  • Breaking man-made law.  

Crime is best defined as an act deemed punishable by the government. It can include criminal codes, administrative codes and various administrative punishments. Crime is defined in large part by the legislative branch via laws that are passed. Implementation of those laws are sometimes left to administrative agencies to create policies for proper enforcement.

Sin 

  • Disobeying God or breaking divine law, offense against religious or moral law

Crime is punishable by state. A crime may or may not be a sin, depending on your religion and location.

Crime and Sin Relationship:

Sin is punishable by God and if it is a crime too it will also be punishable by state.

Not all sins should be crimes. There are three main reasons for this. First, it would be impossible to consistently police all sins. Second, it is important to allow people to grow by making decisions for themselves and facing the natural consequences, even when those decisions are poor decisions. Third, when we get into the nitty-gritty things, there is little consensus about what actually constitutes a sin anyway.

Sin according to Quran:

The prohibited acts in Quran are subject to a separation in terms of their legal effects. 

The first group involves acts that involve an infringement upon individual rights such as homicide, theft, fraud, robbery, etc. These acts are considered as crimes and are punishable by public authorities. 

The second group involves such prohibited acts that do not involve an infringement upon individual rights such as gambling, drinking, fornicating, taking interest on loans or disobeying God in various religious duties like praying, fasting, dressing modestly, etc. These acts are considered as sins and are punishable only by God Himself in the afterlife. Attempts to prosecute or illegalize such acts based on a non-secular approach with links to Islam or Quran are both illegitimate for violating basic human rights and inconsistent with Quran for violating many verses that enjoin freedom of thought and faith.

So there are four possible combinations for an action:

  • Not a crime and not a sin. 

These acts are acts we conduct in our daily life and these are not consider as crime and sin as well. E.g. breathing, walking with standing position, getting formal education rather than religious etc.

  • Sin but not a crime. 

This is second category of possible combination these are considered as a sin but not a crime. E.g. eating pork for a Muslim living in USA, telling a lie.

  •  Sin and a crime. 

These acts are those which are considered as sin and crime as well. E.g. committing murder, rape, steeling etc.

  • Crime but not a sin. 

These are acts which are allowed by religious education or God but prohibited by the Law E.g. if praying is illegal then if someone prays it would be a crime but not a sin. To sacrifices a cow in India is allowed by Islam is not a sin for Muslim but Indian law do not allow to do this is crime for him.

(I believe that every crime would be a sin as well even if it is not specifically a sin the religion e.g. Illegal possession of firearm. An exception would be if it is illegal to do something that god has commanded, as in the above example of praying. But this is just my opinion).

Difference between Crime & Sin

1.         Crime is an action that is against the law. In general, this means the civil law of the society. Sin is an Abrahamic concept that is a violation of God's will.

2.         Crime is identified by the Government but sin is identified by God.

3.         Crime is happened in this world but sin is happened for the after death life.

4.         The punishment of crime is given in this world but the punishment of sin is given after death.

5.         Every crime is a sin but every sin is not a crime.

6.         Sin is a subjective term, and has no parameters to base exactly what it is. It is believed by religious people and ignored by others as a delusion. Crime is something that is set by social codes of the country you live in, and if broken a penalty is to be paid.

7.         Brief of crime is given in criminal statutes, penal code, CrPC etc. & brief of sin is given in religious books.

8.         For non-believers anti-social activities are not sin but for both believers and nonbelievers anti-social activities are crime. 

Crime and Sin | Crime vs Sin | What's the difference ?


Crime and Vice

Although, vice and crime are often lumped together, there is a difference: a crime is something in breach of a law, societal or religious code of practice, such as theft, assault or murder. 

Vice has many shades of meaning and, it may constitute something illegal or it may not. Compare these examples:

Vice covers immoral or wicked behaviour but of itself might not be illegal for example smoking. It also covers values perceived in breach such as hypocrisy, pornography, blasphemy and profanity, even though different people define “vice” differently.

Crime and Vice:

Vices are often included in the category of crimes, but many of them, sometimes are not regarded as crimes. There is a lot of difference in their aims. The crimes cause harm to others while the vicious or the wicked causes harm to him only. For example, the vices like gambling, drinking prostitution or deriving pleasure out of illicit sexual intercourse; cause harm to the individual only. As the harm to the individual indirectly effects, the latter therefore prohibits the vices and generally gives punishment for them. 

Crime

Vice

Crime meaning grave offence punishable by law.

1.     Stealing money from others is a crime.

2.     Murder etc.,

Vice meaning evil, especially grossly immoral, habit or conduct, sometime punished or sometime not punished by the state.

1. Smoking habit is treated as a vice by my parents.

Crimes are those acts by which one man harms the person or property of another.

Vices are those acts by which a man harms himself or his property.

Crimes, they imply no malice toward others, and no interference with their persons or property.

Vices are simply the errors which a man makes in his search after his own happiness.

Crime may be need based, revenge or committed accidently.

Vices are usually pleasurable


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