What is Juvenile delinquency in Sociology

  1. What is Juvenile Delinquency in Sociology ? 
  2. What are the Factors behind Juvenile Delinquency ?
  3. What are the causes of Juvenile Delinquency ?
  4. What are the solutions for Juvenile Delinquency ?

If you want to know the answers of the questions discussed Above than you are in a right Place 

What is Juvenile delinquency in Sociology
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Juvenile Delinquency

Juvenile delinquency is the act of committing a crime at a very young age. A juvenile delinquent is a young person, particularly a teenager under the age of eighteen, who breaks a state or federal law by committing a crime.Juvenile delinquency is unlawful conduct by minors, meaning those under the age of 18 in most states (the age is 17 in Georgia, Michigan, Missouri, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas and Wisconsin), for which there are penalties When minors exhibit recurring instances of this type of behaviour, they may become known as “juvenile delinquents.”

Juvenile Delinquency in Pakistan

In Pakistani society the juvenile delinquency is growing day by day, which is conflicting the attentions of our youths from their educations and sports. They are receiving more and more persuade towards harmful actions than the positive actions. This painful condition is causing to destroy the career of our young citizens that have pushed them into darkness in there exists. The word juvenile delinquency is used in a joint meaning, where juvenile means the person who is not measured as matured both physically and mentally, i.e. he has not crossed his eighteenth birthday, and delinquency means not following the rules of the society. So, jointly, it means a person who commits a crime, yet not became mature enough to cross his eighteenth birthday. Juvenile delinquency occurs throughout the world, but in this research, the researcher concentrated on Pakistani society where different causes of juvenile delinquency were arranged out, where some cases were more visible than the others, i.e. the socialization of the child plays the most crucial role in affecting his delinquent performance than the economic factor.

Factors behind juvenile delinquency/ causes of juvenile delinquency 

 Juvenile delinquency is a mixture of two words, which are used in the same flow of meaning as juveniles, which is said to the person who is under the age of 18 and the other word is delinquency. There are several factors behind, which can be said as accountable for the juvenile delinquency as the following:

Social factors 

Social factors mean the socialization which comprises all those things which are directly influenced on an individual when he leftovers in a group and pick up these delinquent actions during the socialization development, it may be the family, neighbourhood, etc. These factors permanently exist in the neighbouring of the individual where they play their role to follow the group member to their collective behaviour as a total culture. Here one does not need to learn the behaviour that the other people are having. These actions are straight inculcated into the character of an individual, when he is a follower of any group, culture. But, if we search it analytically

Disorganization in family

The family is considered as the most notice able organization, where the youth is born and learns all those actions which are in exercise within the family. Whatsoever the actions the father was having that is openly moved to the elder son through the process of socialization and culture. If the father was involved in the positive activities and he keeps a close relationship with his children, then the child will not compel any negative act, but, if the father was criminal and involved in the negative activities, then the chances of juvenile delinquency are increased. Delinquency is not transferred from parents to children; it can be transported mostly from elder brothers to the younger brothers.

Broken families

Broken houses include those houses which are run by single parents (mother or father), working parents, divorced parents, or dead parents, where the children remain out of direct watch or control of their parents and thus they get the chance to do immoral activities.

Parent-child relationship 

If there is an unattached parent-child relationship, the youngster's probabilities of delinquency increases, the disconnected relationship may be to a smaller degree of direct interaction between the parents and children, the ignoring of children or to the smallest extent friendliness from parents to their children

Defects of school system 

If the atmosphere of the school is expressed very harsh and the physical punishment to the child arises, then the child will get fearful of going to school. Hence, he stops going to school. In these conditions, the parents force him to go to school. Then the child comes into the mental dilemma, if his stop over at home the parents will beat him. Thus, the youth leaves both his home and the school

Social Disorganization

 If the groups do not participate in the society, then the children can become delinquent. In social disorder, the children are less focused how to act and what to do and what to escape because in disorder, the anomie overcomes in the society where the child finds the society as the worst place and starts doing whatsoever comes into his mind.

Psychological Factors 

These reasons are regularly linked to the individual himself, where his mind provides him the orders that how to act and what to do if a certain condition develops. It embraces those causes which are purely connected to the individual mind as the following can be said as the psychological factors of juvenile delinquency. 

Few persons are identified as mentally ill, therefore, they commit illegal acts as the juvenile delinquent, because they tend rather to commit inaccurate activities than the right one, because such types of persons are often depressed one, and they eventually tend to do the inaccurate activity.

Economic factors

 Through economic causes are less accountable for juvenile delinquency, yet it plays some role in juvenile delinquency. If a child feels that he has no food to eat, and his ego is about to be tainted in the society, and his neighbourhood is charming, so strong as compare to his family set up, here the teenage can feel the idea to get wealthy, so most of the time he chooses the wrong way because of an individual, it is impossible to be wealthy in a short time. In this condition, the person joins the gang group and becomes delinquent

Suggestions for Solution of Juvenile Delinquency in Pakistan

1.               We can control over population by increasing our income and popularizing population planning in our society. It is very much unfortunate that inspire of our best efforts we have not been able to have substantial results of population planning. This system is unique and it can work very well as it has very successfully been executed in our brother Muslim country Indonesia so fault is in between the lines. We should try to find out the weak point of this system. I am sure that must be in the implementation and not in the system by itself. Once the trend is set then the problems of over-population can be solved easily.


2.               Politics and especially party-politics in educational institutions have given a great damage to all of us. Students instead of seeking knowledge turn to the vested interests of politicians and ruin themselves. Students must be kept away from the active politics. This would enable us to keep them on right track.

3.               Films, TV, VCR, Radio, Magazines, Journals and Press can play a dominating role in revolutionizing the society and easily bring about a very healthy change soon. These are very powerful Medias and have a far reaching influence over the public.


4.               Child-labour must be prohibited by the state very strictly. Child-labour is one of the factors which ultimately lead them to juvenile delinquency. State should take the responsibility of loading and boarding of the orphans so that they may not indulge in this evil.

5.               Such customs, traditions which are in no way useful for the society must be discouraged and cut-down. It should also be the prime duty of the parents that they should not impose their will on their children unnecessarily. Rather the will of the children if correct must be respected.



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