Physical violence : Types of physical violence : Responsible Factors

Physical violence is a fistula in under-developed and developing countries.It has a lot of negative effects on the people and sometimes it ruins the life of victum i.e. he/she tries to commit suicide to kill his/her life below we will study the definition,Factors and types of Physical violence 

Physical violence : Types of physical violence : Responsible Factors


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Definition physical Violence 

Physical violence includes beating, burning, kicking, punching, biting, maiming or killing, or the use of objects or weapons

According to World Health Organization "The intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person, or against a group or community, that either results in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, psychological harm, maldevelopment, or deprivation.

Violence against women, particularly intimate partner violence and sexual violence, is a major public health problem and a violation of women's human rights in Pakistan. Violence against women in Pakistan is part of an issue that faces the entire region the country is situated in. Women in Pakistan mainly encounter violence by being forced into marriage, through workplace sexual harassment, domestic violence and by honour killings

Types of Violence  Typology according WHO

        Self-directed violence refers to violence in which the perpetrator and the victim are the same individual and is subdivided into self-abuse and suicide.

        Interpersonal violence refers to violence between individuals, and is subdivided into family and intimate partner violence and community violence. 

The former category includes child maltreatment; intimate partner violence; and elder abuse, while the latter is broken down into acquaintance and stranger violence and includes youth violence; assault by strangers; violence related to property crimes; and violence in workplaces and other institutions.

        Collective violence refers to violence committed by larger groups of individuals and can be subdivided into social, political and economic violence.

 

Forms of Physical Violence 

Violence-Types 

1. Domestic violence /Individual motivated violence (Bride burning, Honor killing, Sati) 

Domestic violence occurs when one person tries to dominate and control another person in a familylike or domestic relationship. Domestic violence involves an abuse of power and can take the form of:

§  physical violence;

§  sexual abuse;

§  emotional or psychological abuse;

§  verbal abuse;

§  stalking and intimidation;

§  social and geographic isolation;

§  financial abuse;

§  cruelty to pets;

§  damage to property; or

§  threats to be violent in these ways.

2.     Family dispute, family arguments, communal hatreds 

3.     Child abuse violence (Beating/hitting/kicking/sexual violence) 

4.     Social violence (By social groups, politics/temple festivals/) 

Factors responsible for Domestic Violence in Pakistan  

Various factors are associated with domestic violence in Pakistan. 

Ø  Poverty

Ø  Illiteracy

Ø  Social and economic taboos

Ø  Media

Ø  Improper socialization 

Ø  Rejection by someone 

Ø  Religious movement 

Ø  Political parties and politics 

Ø  Depression 

Ø  Domestic Violence 

Ø  Unemployment are considered the main reasons for domestic violence in the country.  

 

A lack of awareness about women’s rights and a lack of support from the government are the other two reasons. 

Another factor given for the rise in domestic violence has been due to increased urbanization. As people move from villages and increasingly live apart from an extended family, assaults are less likely to be prevented by the intervention of family members, who in past times often intervened in domestic conflicts. 

Yet another reason given for abuses is patriarchalism in Pakistani society, which marginalizes women’s role. In some traditional societies, a man is considered to have the right to physically beat his spouse. In 1998 of 1974 reported murders the majority of victims were killed by either family members or In-laws. A survey carried out by the Thomson Reuters Foundation ranked Pakistan as the third most dangerous country in the world for women, after Afghanistan and the Democratic Republic of Congo; it is followed by India and Somalia. More than a thousand victims of honour crimes were recorded last year. The annual report by the independent Human Rights Commission of Pakistan (HRCP) recorded gang rapes, kidnapping, acid attacks, amputations, burnings and said almost 800 women killed themselves or attempted suicide. The report warned that despite a series of landmarks in 2015, which saw the first Pakistani female firefighter and rickshaw driver start work, exploitation and abuse remains rife with little judicial recourse. The Human Rights Commission of Pakistan report said prosecution rates for domestic violence and sexual offences were low, with women frequently too afraid to report the crimes or being intimidated into withdrawing complaints. It recorded more than 900 rapes and sexual assaults in 2015, 279 instances of domestic violence, 143 of burning, 833 kidnappings and 777 suicides and attempted suicides. The HRCP reported 987 honour crimes in 2015, with 1,096 female victims and 88 male victims, including an unknown number of children.

 

 

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